Here is a quick list of some of the basic commands in Dragon. You can find most of these commands in the Dragon Sidebar, which you can use by following this guide.
Open <xyz> - Used to open a program on your computer.
"Open Dragonpad", "Open Microsoft Word", "Open Google Chrome", etc.
Close Window – Used to close the currently opened window.
Save Document – Used to save the currently opened document.
Click <xyz> - Used to click anywhere on the currently opened window.
"Click Okay", "Click Next", "Click Cancel", etc.
Make That a Shortcut – Used to make selected text into a template/command.
Transfer Text - Used to transfer all text currently written in the Dictation Box.
New Paragraph - Used to move the cursor down two lines and create a new paragraph.
New Line - Used to move the cursor down one line and create a new line.
Scratch That - Used to undo any accidental corrections or dictations.
Undo That - Used to undo any actions performed in windows.
Add New Command - Used to quickly open the new command window.
Switch to <xyz> - Used to switch to any opened windows.
"Switch to Skype", "Switch to Microsoft Excel", "Switch to Adobe Reader", etc.
Maximize Window - Used to maximize the currently opened window.
Minimize Window - Used to minimize the currently opened window.
Search <Search Engine> for <xyz> - Used to search online for certain topics.
"Search Google for the weather in London", "Search WebMD for new medical procedures", "Search Bing for Dragon Medical", etc.
Go To Sleep - Used to put the mic to sleep.
Wake Up - Used to wake the mic up from sleep.
Select <xyz> - Used to select text in a word document.
"Select dog", "Select physical exam", "Select the sky was blue", etc.
Insert Before <xyz> - Used to move the cursor before the chosen word.
"Insert before Jay", "Insert before medical", "Insert before hand", etc.
Insert After <xyz> - Used to move the cursor after the chosen word.
"Insert after sun", "Insert after blue", "Insert after chart", etc.
Delete That - Used to delete a selection.
Bold That - Used to bold a selection.
Underline That - Used to underline a selection.
Copy That - Used to copy a selection.
Paste That - Used to paste text that was previously copied.
Italicize That - Used to italicize a selection.
Cut That - Used to cut a selection from the document and add it to the clipboard.
Correct <xyz> - Used to bring up the correction menu for the chosen word.
"Correct monitor", "Correct clouds", "Correct red", etc.
Press <keyboard key> - Used to simulate a keystroke on your keyboard.
"Press enter", "Press escape", Press tab", etc.
Cap That - Used to capitalize the first letter of the selected text.
All Caps That - Used to capitalize each letter of the selected text.
All Caps On - Used to turn on the caps lock.
All Caps Off – Used to turn off the caps lock.
Move to Start of Document - Used to move the cursor to the start of the document.
Move to Bottom - Used to move the cursor to the bottom of the document.
Move to End Of Line - Used to move the cursor to the end of the current line in the document.
Move to Start Of Line - Used to move the cursor to the start of the current line in the document.
Next Field - Used to navigate to the next variable field.
Previous Field - Used to navigate to the previous variable field.
Numeral <xyz> - Used to write a numeral.
"Numeral nine", "Numeral twenty-three", "Numeral eighty-seven", etc.
Play That - Used to play back your dictation using your own recorded voice.
Read That - Used to read the selected text in a computerized voice.
<punctuation> - Used to punctuate your sentences.
"Period", "Comma", "Open Quote", etc.